As an academic institution that is committed to promoting real change and addressing the key challenges that the world is facing today, University College London (UCL), through its Institute for Sustainable Resources (ISR), Institute of Making, and Centre for Resource Efficiency and the Environment (CREE), is becoming a hub for research into teaching issues relating to the circular economy, and aims to embed circular economy principles in taught courses and research activities across different disciplines.

Ucl Campus V2

Teaching & Learning:

  • CPD in Life Cycle Assessment & the Circular Economy.
  • MSc module on Industrial Symbiosis with sessions on Circular Economy and its application to the construction sector (offered across different Faculties to engineering, planning, geography students.
  • MSc module on Waste management and Resource Efficiency with specific sessions on the concept of the circular economy and applications in different contexts.
  • New MSc Sustainable Resources that explores the economics and policies of resource use, current unsustainable production/consumption patters and opportunities to address this through the Circular Economy.


A cross-faculty, cross discipline Circular Economy Lab which aims to use UCL’s expertise to tackle a range of challenges in the design of products and buildings through the lens of a circular economy.

  • Circular Cities Hub 

The first of its kind internationally. It forms the centre of an international network of scholars working on all aspects of circular cities. It acts as an interface between academics and key urban stakeholders, enabling cutting-edge research to impact directly on the governing, management, design and development of cities. It is strategically linked to the CircEL.

  • Cities of Making 

Action research that aims to develop a toolkit for local and regional government to:1) elaborate and implement transition plans for the circular economy at the urban level and 2) keep an innovative industrial/ manufacturing sector in cities that helps to realise the potential of circular loops.

  • Urban regeneration and the CE

The project aims to explore the potential and key principles for the application and adaptation of CE principles at the urban level. Cities and especially urban regeneration projects have specific challenges when trying to move towards more CE systems. Planning practices, government structures and infrastructural lock-ins need to be considered. A better understanding of the opportunities may help to overcome existing barriers. This project uses a combination of Material Flow Analysis and Life Cycle Assessment to understand CE opportunities in urban regeneration projects, assess different alternatives and provide a set of guidelines for the adaptation and practical implementation of CE principles at the urban level.

  • CE indicator system

This project aims to compare different indicator systems for the CE (comparing the European vs Chinese approach) and then try to define a comprehensive framework and system of indicators to measure progress towards the CE.

  • Circular office defits and refits

Office defits and refits consume large volumes of resources and energy and happen on relative short time spams (4-5 years) in the use life of a building. Generally little consideration is given to prevention of waste, reuse of materials, recycling, adaptability or functionability. This research looks into ways of incorporating CE principles to office defits and refits to minimise loss of resources, costs and environmental impact. 

Papers, books & articles:

Domenech, T., Dijk, M., Kemp, R., Ekins, P. Challenges to the transition to a circular economy: understanding the web of constraints to more efficient use of resources, World Resources Forum, Davos 2016.

Van Ewijk, S., Stegemann, J. (2016). Limitations of the waste hierarchy for achieving absolute reductions in material throughput, Journal of Cleaner Production 132: 122-128.

Roy, A., Stegemann, J. (2016). Nickel separation in cement-stabilized/ solidified metal treatment filtercakes, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 321: 353-361.

Andrews-Speed, P., Bleischwitz, Raimund, Boersma, T., Johnson, C., Kemp, G., & VanDeveer, S. (2015). Want, Waste or War? The Global Resource Nexus and the Struggle for Land, Energy, Food, Water and Minerals. Routledge.

Areas of expertise:

  • Engineering 
  • Materials and technologies for the circular economy
  • Material Flow Analysis and studies of urban Metabolism
  • Life Cycle Assessment
  • Industrial Symbiosis and opportunities to give value to underutilised resources
  • Policies for the circular economy
  • Design and planning of cities for the circular economy
  • Circular economy in the built environment: construction sector

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