These factsheets outline circular economy opportunities to design out urban waste and pollution, ensure products and materials maintain their value, and regenerate the natural systems in our cities.

Easy-to-reference, the factsheets are a collation of research and case examples that answer some of the most prevalent questions around what circular economy can bring to cities:

  • Why is change in cities needed?
  • What circular economy opportunities address key urban system issues?
  • What can urban policymakers do to harness circular economy opportunities?
  • What are the potential economic, social, and environmental benefits of these opportunities?

The factsheets, downloadable below, focus on three interrelated urban systems - buildings, mobility, and products. These systems are key to the delivery of a city’s daily needs.

Three interrelated urban systems: buildings, mobility, products

Cities Factsheet Graphic

For each of these systems, five factsheets have been created together with a summary. The five factsheets each focus on a different phase in the circular material cycle:

Planning, Designing, Making, Accessing, and Operating & Maintaining.

The examples included in each factsheet are non-exhaustive and any single opportunity might not represent the circular economy in its entirety but instead play a key part in enabling the transition. For a city to transition to a circular economy built on three core principles, multiple opportunities in different systems and phases need to be enacted. Other systems such as cities and circular economy for food, water, and energy, also need to be to considered. The time to act is now.

Download all the five phases, together with a summary, in one go for each system. Or download for each system and phase individually.