In a joint report, The Business Case for a UN Treaty on Plastic Pollution, WWF, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and Boston Consulting Group, set out the opportunity for a new global UN treaty on plastic pollution.

To significantly accelerate progress towards a circular economy for plastic, there is an urgent need to amplify current efforts, through a more coordinated and ambitious approach. The Foundation’s New Plastics Economy Global Commitment and Plastics Pact network, are working examples of where this collaboration is currently taking place.

A common structure would set a clear direction and conditions, giving governments and businesses the impetus to move forward more decisively.

A global agreement setting out global goals and binding targets, together with national action plans and consistent measurement, is needed to:

  • harmonise policy efforts
  • enhance investment planning
  • stimulate innovation
  • coordinate infrastructure development.

While voluntary initiatives can deliver change among market leaders, an international binding approach will deliver the necessary industry scale change.

Download the report

UN Treaty

The business case for a UN Treaty on plastic pollution



Based on the report, major businesses issued a call on the 13th October for a UN treaty on plastic pollution to address the fragmented landscape of regulation and complement existing voluntary measures.

Alongside almost 2 million people also calling for a treaty, more than two-thirds of the UN member states, from across the world, have officially declared that they are open to considering the option of a new global agreement, including African, Baltic, Caribbean, Nordic and Pacific states, as well as the European Union.

A resolution to start negotiations on such a treaty is expected to be tabled at the upcoming 5th Session of the United Nations Environmental Assembly (UNEA5) in February 2021. The Assembly recognised plastic pollution as a global problem, and a 2017 UNEA mandated examination concluded that the existing international legal framework governing plastic pollution is ineffective.

Both the report and business manifesto stress the urgent need to develop and adopt a new global treaty as soon as possible.

WWF, Ellen MacArthur Foundation and BCG are urging more companies to join the call at

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