This scoping paper focuses on the potential of the significant volume of organic waste flowing through the urban environment.
The aim is to highlight the opportunities to capture value, in the form of the energy, nutrients and materials embedded in these flows, through the application of circular economy principles. Organic waste - from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste streams and wastewater that flows through sewage systems - is traditionally seen as a costly problem in economic and environmental terms. This scoping paper explores the idea that
the equation can be reversed by designing more effective recovery and processing systems to
turn organic waste into a source of value and contribute to restoring natural capital.
The objective of this scoping paper is to present an initial exploration of the circular economy opportunities for the biocycle economy. It presents the first steps towards a deeper understanding enabled by a more comprehensive analysis.
The World Economic Forum and the Ellen MacArthur Foundation launched Project MainStream in 2014. This multi-industry, global initiative serves as the umbrella for this paper. The project is led by the chief executive officers of seven global companies: Averda, Tarkett, Royal DSM, Ecolab, Philips, Suez, and Veolia.
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