Through its work with organisations that are making the transition towards a circular economy and an analysis of case studies, the Foundation has identified the following four essential building blocks of a circular economy.

1. Circular economy design

Explore the Circular Design Guide, developed in collaboration with IDEO, which offers circular innovation methods as well as interviews with designers, creative exercises and worksheets, case studies and links to technical tools.

2. New business models

3. Reverse cycles

4. Enablers and favourable system conditions


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